Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has achieved remarkable economic and social success, based on good governance, exceptional use of preferential trade agreements for its sugar and textile exports, and the development of strong tourism and financial services industries. At independence, the country was poor, with a per capita income of about US$260. Today, per capita income is US$5,250, the second highest in sub-Saharan Africa, with good social indicators.
From 1968-2004, per capita GDP growth averaged 3.8 percent' compared to 2.3 percent for low- and middle-income countries overall, as successive waves of diversification transformed the country from a monocrop sugar producer to an exporter of sugar, textiles and clothing, tourism and financial services.
However, Mauritius faces significant economic and social challenges as it transitions from dependence on trade preferences to open competition in the global economy. The country's challenge is to boost economic growth through higher productivity; develop human capital through education reform to raise skill levels; and promote new emerging sectors and move Mauritius to a more knowledge-based economy while preserving its longstanding commitment to social welfare.
Mauritius' economic success has translated into welfare improvements, but these achievements are under threat. One of the country challenges is bureaucratic procedures, red tape and corruption which highlight the need for a successful implementation of public procurement reforms. Greater efficiency in the prevention of public procurement corruption is needed at a time when there are exceptional demands for social spending, transitional support and investments in infrastructure.
* Estimated PP Loss (Min, Max): Despite the difficulties in measurement, international comparison covering a wide set of countries is possible when one considers central government procurement only. Public procurement expenditures, in Mauritius, could be as high as US 1.0 billion (11% of GDP of USD 9.7 billion) annually and therefore, the country needs a robust public procurement system to ensure that its resources are not wasted, but are efficiently utilized for economic growth (AfDB,/Country NCB, 2012).
** Foreign Aid or Official Development Assistance consists of loans and grants by official and non-official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee.
1) World Bank
National accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files. http://www.oecd.org/countries/mauritius/ World Development Indicators
2) African Development Bank: Main Report on Assessment of Country National Competitive Bidding Procedures, Version 2, September 2012.
1- The Public Procurement Act (PPA) of 2006 (amended in 2009) and the associated Public Procurement Regulations of 2008 jointly came into effect on 17 January 2008.
1- The Act establishes:
(i) Procurement Policy Office (PPO) to provide procurement oversight and to guide and promote its continuing development and improvement of public procurement,
(ii) Central Procurement Board (CPB) to oversee and approve the award of large contracts,
(iii) Independent Review Panel (IRP) for dealing with bidder complaints and appeals. All decisions issued by the IRP are published and easily accessible on the public procurement policy office website.
(iv) Procuring Entities (PE) who are responsible for procurement planning and conduct of their procurement.
Country procurement assessment report (CPAR) (Vol 1) (English)
Mauritius - Country procurement assessment report (CPAR) (Vol. 2) (English)
Mauritius - CPS
Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) http://www.gov.mu/portal/sites/icac/index.htm
- Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
- Southern African Development Community (SADC)