Procurement have considerable economic importance both nationally and internationally, and represent a significant share of national GDP. On the domestic front, the procurement of goods and services by public bodies provides critical inputs that allow governments to provide public services and to perform other tasks. Procurement systems have a significant impact on the efficient use of public funds and, more generally, on public confidence in the government and good governance. Obtaining a good economic efficiency, public access to information on public procurement and equitable opportunities for suppliers to compete for public contracts, are all essential conditions of an efficient procurement system.
goPRS is a suite of software designed specifically to 1) improve PP regulatory authorities internal review and monitoring of the procurement approval process; 2) reduce human interaction and personal contacts between procurement officials (MDAs) and regulatory bodies staff that can give rise to bribery opportunities; 3) kick-off regulatory bodies oversight on budget appropriations versus reported procurement actions; and 4) manage and publish procurement-related information (vendors database, prices lists) to assist suppliers in preparing their best offers and governments in assessing them to support the procurement process.
Reforming public procurement systems has proven to be quite difficult. One issue that raises difficulties in implementing PP reform is the extent to which the procurement function should be centralized or decentralized. Although the organizational arrangements may differ significantly between different countries, many countries have coupled decentralization of the procurement function with the creation of central authorities with oversight, monitoring, prevention and detection of corruption responsibilities (see Challenges).
goPRS supports the implementation of PP reform in the organizational arrangement with the decentralization of the procurement function to procuring entities and centralization of oversight, monitoring, prevention and detection of corruption responsibilities to the regulatory body. In this configuration, all parties in a procurement action share some common tools as depicted below. Those tools are critical elements to address the 10 challenges identified during the implementation of PP reform. The potential benefits of goPRS include 1) transparency, participation and competition, 2) enhanced administrative efficiency (time and costs), 3) process efficiencies, 4) supporting integrity and preventing corruption.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has successfully developed advanced solutions to help combat and fight the menace of corruption at the Information Technology level. For this particular case of Public Procurement, UNODC has designed goPRS to help unify international, regional, and national efforts to combat public procurement corruption.
Public procurement of goods, works, and services represent a significant share of a country for foreign suppliers. Procurement also has a considerable weight in international trade and these markets can be of interest to foreign suppliers as well as domestic suppliers. goPRS has also been developed in order to promote harmonization of international standards of public procurement and considers the provisions of the UNCITRAL Model Law, the Agreement on Government Procurement of the WTO, European Union directives (on government procurement and appeals procedures), the United Nations Convention against Corruption, the World Bank guidelines for procurement, the Integrity and Anti-corruption Initiative of the African Development Bank, etc.
goPRS development is an ongoing project. goPRS is a suite of software packages comprising of goPRS Enterprise, goPRS Web, goPRS Intelligence, goPRS Learn, and goPRS eGP. The figure below depicts goPRS structure.
International, regional and national institutions in charge of public procurement reforms.
Countries that are reforming procurement systems are the main beneficiaries of the goPRS project. Those countries can be divided into four general categories characterized by their stage of economic development and the issues driving the reform efforts.
Sept 25, 2012
Participation of goPRS in the Expert Group Meeting on Transparency, Competition and Objectivity in Public Procurement.(Internation Anti-Corruption Academy, Laxenburg Austria)
June 1, 2012
Approval of Requirements Analysis
Proposal by the DG of BPP
January 26, 2012
Initiation of the BPP Project Phase II
Bureau of Public Procurement (BPP)